Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are a cutting-edge machine learning tool that is being used to push the capabilities of artificial intelligence. Put simply, GANs are models that create data on their own, without any input from a human.
GANs were first developed by Ian Goodfellow and colleagues in 2014. The model consists of two neural networks, a generative network and a discriminator network. The generative network takes random noise as input and produces synthetic data such as images and sound. The discriminator network takes in the synthetic data produced by the generative network as well as real data (called ground truth). Its job is to determine which is which.
To train a GAN, the two networks compete with each other. The generative network attempts to fool the discriminator network into believing its synthetic data is real. Meanwhile, the discriminator network attempts to distinguish between the synthetic data generated by the generative network and the real data. The opposing forces of the networks push each other to create increasingly accurate data.
Generative Adversarial Networks have many real-world applications such as creating facial recognition systems, text-to-image synthesis, image-to-image translation, data augmentation, and pose synthesis. For example, GANs have been used to generate authentic-looking images of faces and scenery that were created entirely from noise.
They have also been used to increase the amount of data available to train machine learning algorithms. This is known as data augmentation and can be used to increase the accuracy of facial and object recognition systems.
Finally, GANs can also be used for motion synthesis and has been used to create realistic walking and running animations of humans and animals.
Overall, GANs are a powerful and versatile tool that is opening up a new realm of possibilities in artificial intelligence. With more research and experimentation, GANs can be used to create increasingly realistic data that could help further the capabilities of AI.