AI Fundamentals  |  January 19, 2023

The Building Blocks of AI: Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Neural Networks Explained

AI, or artificial intelligence, is a field of computer science that seeks to automate certain decision-making processes through the use of algorithms and computer programs. AI is based on several components, the three major ones being machine learning, deep learning, and neural networks. Although these components might sound interconnected and similar, each has its own purpose and usage in AI. We will look at each in detail and explain their purpose in AI from a practical perspective.

The first component of AI is machine learning. This is an iterative process in which a computer program can learn from data and experiences to make predictions, without being explicitly programmed. It works by continuously analyzing data and refining the actions it takes to reach the desired outcome. It is a powerful tool for AI as it enables computers to learn to do more complicated tasks than those they were specifically programmed to do.

Deep learning is considered a subset of machine learning. The difference between deep learning and machine learning is its ability to solve complex tasks. It works by feeding the computer program with large amounts of data, and the program will then automatically identify patterns and correlations in the data it has been given. Deep learning can be used for tasks such as image analysis, speech recognition, and natural language processing.

The third component of AI is neural networks. Neural networks are inspired by biological neural networks, which are the basis of all learning processes in humans, animals, and other living creatures. In the field of AI, neural networks are used to create computer systems that can think and learn like humans. A neural network consists of a series of interconnected neurons, which receive inputs, process them, and generate an output. By training a neural network on a particular task, it can become adept at that task and also perform better than humans at certain tasks.

The three components of AI—machine learning, deep learning, and neural networks—all work together to create intelligent systems. Each component has its own unique purpose and role to play in the development and implementation of intelligent systems. Machine learning provides the ability to learn from data and refine decision-making. Deep learning is used for solving complex tasks, while neural networks can think like humans to solve certain types of problems. All three components are important for the success of any AI system and provide a unique combination of capabilities for AI applications.